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 POSSIBLE PESTS TO OCCUR FOR THE SECOND QUARTER OF 2016

Pests Number of possible sites to be affected Possible areas to be affected Triggering Conditions  
 
Region Province  
RODENT 25 SITES 6 Capiz 1. Absence of effective vertebrate predation has better chances for successful breeding.  
Iloilo  
Antique  
2 Nueva Vizcaya 2. Asynchronous planting.  
Isabela 3. No fallow period.  
9 Zamboanga del Sur      
5 Albay      
Sorsogon      
Masbate      
13 Surigao del Norte      
1 La Union      
Pangasinan      
11 Davao Oriental      
3 Aurora      
8 Samar      
STEMBORER 10 SITES 6 Antique 1. Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizer  
Capiz 2. Asynchronous planting.  
5 Camarines Sur 3. No fallow period.  
Sorsogon      
Albay      
Masbate      
8 Leyte      
1 La union      
2 Nueva Vizcaya      
9 Zamboanga del Sur      
TUNGRO 8 SITES 5 Camarines Sur 1. Frequent spraying of insecticide  
Camarines Norte 2. Asynchronous planting.  
Sorsogon 3. No fallow period.  
9 Zamboanga del Sur 4. Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizer  
6 Iloilo      
8 Leyte      
ARMYWORM 5 SITES 9 Zamboanga del Sur 1. Combination of high temperature and high humidity.  
Zamboanga del Norte  
11 Davao del Sur 2. No fallow period.  
Davao del Norte 3. Dry season starts earlier than usual.  
Davao Oriental 4. Prolonged drought followed by heavy rains.  
5 Albay  
Catanduanes 5. Presence of undisturbed vegetation in the production area.  
Camarines Sur  
Sorsogon      
4-A Quezon      
Batangas      
6 Antique      
12 North Cotabato      
Sarangani      
South Cotabato      
Sultan Kudarat      
1 La Union      
2 Cagayan      
ARMM Lanao del Sur    

 

 

Other pests that might occur occasionally by second quarter based on historical records

  • Rice bug, defoliator, rice black bug and bacterial leaf blight.

 

PEST MANAGEMENT ADVISORIES

Rodent

During fallow period

  • Community Trap Barrier System

Before seed sowing

  • Chemical control
    • Acute rodenticide = Pre-baiting: before seeding or before transplanting -use acute (single-dose) poison
      • Zinc phosphide
      •   Chronic rodenticide = 2 WAT: 5 baiting stations/ha (6 tbsp./station) use chronic (multiple-dose)
        • -Coumatetralyl (Racumin)

During land preparation

  • Sanitation
  • Rat burrow management
  • Night rat hunting

Maximum tillering

  • Increase water level

Booting stage

  • Organize community wide rat hunting
  • Flooding
  • Use of flame thrower 
  • Use of trap 

 

Stemborer

Before sowing

ü  Thorough land preparation to kill larvae and pupae

ü  Plant rice varieties that are  moderately resistant to stem borer

ü  Practice synchronous planting- allows fewer stem borer generation within the cropping season-reducing damage.

At seedbed and transplanting

ü  Hand pick and destroy egg masses

ü  Raise water level periodically to submerge egg masses deposited on the lower parts of the plant.

ü  Before transplanting. Cut leaf-top to reduce carry-over of egg masses from seedbed to the field

ü  Follow recommended N fertilizer application. High N increases crop susceptibility to stem borers

After transplanting

ü  Field release of Trichogramma japonicum (egg parasitoid)

ü  Judicious application of insecticides

ü  Use insecticides as a last resort – and only when needed to conserve natural enemies

     (Larvae are inside the stem and eggs are minimally killed by insecticides)

 

 Tungro

ü  Synchronous planting (planting on same dates)

ü  Plant tungro or leafhopper resistant varieties

ü  Practice fallow (rest) period

ü  Seriously infected fields should be plowed under when severe symptoms appear

ü  Rogue or pull out diseased plants during the first 6 weeks of crop growth in slightly (3% or less) infected areas

ü  Remove weeds that look like alternative hosts because virus-infected hoppers breed in weedy areas

ü  Avoid excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizers

ü  Control the insect vector using biological control agents and chemical insecticide as last resort

 

Armyworm

Cultural Methods

ü  Practice fallow (rest) period of 2-3 months to break the life cycle of the pest

ü  Egg masses and larvae should be collected and crushed

ü  Remove alternate hosts

ü  Plow under plant debris after harvest

ü  Follow recommended fertilizer requirement

ü  Crop rotation with root crops, cotton and other non-graminae plants

ü  Lower plant population per hectare or increase planting distance to allow sunlight to penetrate

Biological Control

ü  Use of Biological Control Agents such as predators (spiders), parasitoids (wasps) and entomopathogens (NPV)

Chemical Control

Chemical control (use pyrethroids, methomyl, chlorpyrifos, triazophos insecticides)

 

The Bureau of Plant Industry supports the nation in 2016 National Women’s Month Celebration. On  March 16,  women and GAD advocates gathered in Quirino Grandstand, Rizal Park, Manila to “celebrate the achievements, gains and accomplishments with regards to bridging the gender gap and promoting women’s empowerment.” Juana's  and Juan's from various government agencies and attached bureaus, LGU's and private entities demand inclusion of major women's concerns specially from those who are currently seeking public office. The event also aimed to gather public perception on what women's issues should be prioritize in the next administration. The five major concerns are 1. Economic Empowerment 2. Social Development 3. Security, Justice and Peace 4. Climate change and Disaster Risk Reduction and 5. Gender-responsive Governance. 

 

 

  JUANA

JUANA 2

A consultative meeting and training on Philippine Good Agricultural Practices (PhilGAP) certification program were held last February 29 to March 4, 2016 at the City State Tower, Ermita, Manila.  It was attended by Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI) GAP Team and Secretariat, BPI Center’s and Division Chiefs, representatives from Department of Agriculture (DA) implementing agencies and national programs, consultants and members of the GAP Technical Working Group.  Assistant Secretary for Planning and Project Development, OIC Director Paz J. Benavidez II welcomed the participants.

Under the Food and Safety Act of 2013 (R.A.10611), the Bureau of Plant Industry is the DA regulatory agency for plant foods. In compliance thereof, the PhilGap certification program is transferred to BPI from BAFS starting 2016. PhilGAP was framed in response to issues concerning high quality and safety of food and non-food agricultural crops, trade requirements to neighboring ASEAN and other foreign markets, environmental sustainability and health and welfare of the people. It also implements food safety regulation in terms of licensing, registration of farm or establishment and inspection thereof.

The first day was a review and consultation on the Administrative Order No.10 Series 2013 – Guidelines on Certification of GAP for Crops. Amendment of the guidelines is being done to facilitate the transfer of the certification services from BAFS to BPI while ensuring smooth and continuous delivery of service.

Mr. Santiago Palizada, Chief, Special Project Unit, Crop Research and Production Support Division (CRPSD) discussed the rationale of the training on PhilGap certification and the PNS on Code of Practices for Mango. Dr. Edralina Serrano Retired Prof from UPLB & TWG Member discussed issues on food safety and PNS on Code of Practices for Corn and its checklist. Another member of the TWG and consultant, Dr. Santiago Obien discussed Code of Practices for Rice. Sampling protocols were discussed for heavy metal, microbial, pesticide residue analyses and exportable fruits and vegetables like banana, pineapple, mango, okra and asparagus.  Discussions were facilitated by technical experts from different divisions. It was emphasized that the sampling procedures are based on the bilateral agreement between the importing and exporting countries and/or in accordance with PNS. BPI Quality Management System Procedure on GAP Certification was also presented and discussed.

Equipped with knowledge about the procedure, guidelines and protocols, the team conducted a mock inspection in E.V. Sanchez Farm in Jala-Jala, Rizal. It is GAP certified farm for its dragon fruit produce. Participants were able to interview the farmers and owner and observe the actual operation of the farm.  Process flow was followed and inspectors exercised keen observation to ensure smooth inspection.  Checklists and inspection reports were presented for discussion on the last day of the training.

After the 5 day-training, participants were able to come up with recommendations on how to implement GAP Certification and improve the current standards and protocols.  GAP inspectors must not only be knowledgeable but also psychologically and physically fit to endure the challenges during the inspection. To establish inspectors’ credibility and carry out authority, proper uniform and ID’s must be provided. Policy should be developed to encourage small farmers to apply for a GAP Certification to ensure safer and quality food for their family and the community.  

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Issuances

2017 Q3 PEST ADVISORY
Wednesday, 21 June 2017
  OIC Director Vivencio R. Mamaril, PhD of the Bureau of Plant Industry(BPI) alerts all DA Regional Executive Directors, BPI Center Chiefs, National Plant Quarantine Services Division, National Seed Quality Control Services Division and Crop Research and Production Support Division for possible pests to occur during the 3rd quarter of the year to closely monitor the listed areas. Rodent, armyworm/ cutworm, bacterial leaf blight, rice stemborer, brown planthopper are among the top pests. Pertinent information and possible management strategies for information and immediate action are also specified in the memorandum issued.   (Click here to view the Memorandum)     Read More...
REGISTERED ONION IMPORTERS AS OF APRIL 4, 2017
Tuesday, 11 April 2017
  HERE IS THE LIST OF REGISTERED ONION IMPORTERS AS OF APRIL 4, 2017 (Click here to view)   Read More...
Notice of Job Vacancy
Tuesday, 11 April 2017
  Herewith is the List of Vacant Positions in the Bureau of Plant Industry. For interested applicants, please contact our Personnel Section.  (Click here to view list) Read More...
DA Department Order No. 5 S.2017 - GUIDELINES FOR THE SELECTION OF THE NON-GOVERNMENT MEMBERS OF THE NOAB
Thursday, 23 March 2017
  Department of Agriculture Department Order No. 5 Series of 2017 GUIDELINES FOR THE SELECTION OF THE NON-GOVERNMENT MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL ORGANIC AGRICULTURE BOARD Read More...
DA Memorandum No. 14 S.2017 - GENERAL GUIDELINES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION PROJECTS OF THE DA
Thursday, 23 March 2017
  Department of Agriculture Memorandum No. 14 Series of 2017  GENERAL GUIDELINES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION  OF SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION PROJECTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Read More...
DA Memorandum No. 13 S.2017 - GENERAL GUIDELINES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLAR-POWERED IRRIGATION SYSTEM OF THE DA.
Thursday, 23 March 2017
  Department of Agriculture Memorandum No. 13 Series of 2017 GENERAL GUIDELINES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION  OF SOLAR-POWERED IRRIGATION SYSTEM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. Read More...
IMAGE PEST ADVISORY FOR THE 2ND QUARTER (APRIL-JUNE) 2017
Thursday, 23 March 2017
  Our dear farmers are warned of the five pests to attack during the 2nd Quarter of the year. This is based on the historical data submitted by regions. Our Crop Pest Management Division listed areas where infestations may possibly occur. Bureau of Plant Industry OIC, Vivencio R. Mamaril issued a memorandum to all DA Regional Directors to alert the staff to closely monitor pests’ occurrence. Management options and conditions that may trigger infestations were also issued for information and dissemination.  (Click here to view list)   Read More...
IMAGE THE 2016 REVISED IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9184, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT REFORM ACT
Wednesday, 04 January 2017
  THE 2016 REVISED IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9184, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT REFORM ACT   (Click here to view) Read More...
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